Eyelashes serve a practical and cosmetic function. However, eyelashes may not be present on some individuals due to disease, disorder, trauma or other factor. Eyelash transplantation is a surgical procedure that targets the aesthetic or medical problem of missing or sparse eyelashes.
Eyelash transplantation has a recorded history dating back over 90 years. There are two primary reasons why an individual would choose to undergo eyelash transplantation: the practical reason of providing a shield from foreign debris entering the eyes and the cosmetic reason of adding ornamentation. The patient may have absolutely no eyelashes of their own (which is often the case in the first reason) or have very short/sparse eyelashes. Hair transplanted to the eyelids may be from a donor site. The donor site can include the eyebrows, nape of the neck and even the finer hair on the legs – as long as each hair taken is able to mimic the “natural” appearance of eyelashes. Surgery takes up to 3 hours, and up to 3 procedures may be required to achieve the most desirable results. Side effects and risks include infection, ingrown hairs, and uneven placement.